Key Determinants of the Health and Well-Being of Men and Boys

  • WILL H. COURTENAY McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School Men’s Health Consulting, Berkeley, California


Men in the United States suffer more severe chronic conditionsand die six years younger than women. For all leading causes ofdeath, and in every age group, men and boys have higher deathrates than women and girls. Despite these risks, little is knownabout the gender-specific health and health care needs of men andboys. This multidisciplinary review provides an overview andsummary of key determinants of the health and well-being of menand boys in the United States. Thirty key determinants of physicaland mental health were identified from a review of literature andare summarized under the following four categories: behaviors ofmen and boys; health-related beliefs and the expression ofemotions and physical distress; biological, socioeconomic,cultural, and environmental factors; and health care. The findingsreported in this review suggest that men’s greatest health risks arethe result of modifiable factors, and that efforts to address thesefactors through practice, policy, and research could contribute toenhanced health conditions for men and boys, as well as tohealthier families and communities.
How to Cite
COURTENAY, WILL H.. Key Determinants of the Health and Well-Being of Men and Boys. International Journal of Men’s Health, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, oct. 2014. ISSN 1933-0278. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2018.